Nachni chi bhakri |Ragi Roti |Finger millet flatbreads

I often acknowledge that I am forgetful but did not realize how much till I noticed that the latest addition on my side bar that says “coming up next” has been there since the last three posts! I have been meaning to post the method to make the perfect gluten free flatbread for quite some time now, since Shubhangi (my ‘Woman Friday’) taught me to make them. It is an art to make a beautifully puffed gluten free flatbread and comes with practice. It took me quite a few weeks to get from the stage of making hard crackers to the soft pitas I am able to make now.

Shubhangi has been working with me now for over two years and is a very industrious worker. She cleans the dishes and does the floors in my house and somehow she also seems to make the work look quick as well as very pleasurable. It is only when I climb up the stool and start cleaning the fans or the mesh that I go back to believing that the job is boring. Shubhangi is a Maharashtrian and her staple diet consists of rice, gluten free flours and wheat.

Shubhangi belongs to the jowar and ragi agricultural belt of Maharashtra and does not believe in buying the flours off the shelf like most villagers, though she has been in the city for nearly a decade. She buys or brings the grains from her village in bulk, picks them clean, rinses the dirt off in many turns of water and spreads it in the shade to cool. Then she gets it ground at a mill and also gets me my portion of these flours. Earlier I followed a similar practice with store bought grains but since I used very less of the grains, I found that most of the flour would go rancid and thrown into the bin. Now she has relieved me from that chore too.

I had nearly stopped trying to make gluten free flatbreads till one day, when Shubhangi, like a good teacher, kept passing tips and encouraging me till I got them right. If I made rotis (whole wheat flatbreads) for the next few days, she would remind me and get me back to being the student. In the beginning when I would prepare the bhakris under Shubhangi’s watchful eyes she would often say, “Don’t press or try to flatten to spread them. Soft and quick strokes with only your fingers” or “Good, good! But not enough. You must pay attention to the one on the griddle too while making. Don’t let even one bhakri go waste.” It used to give the kids a kick watching me getting ticked off.

Like cycling, one day while making your bhakris and watch it puff, you will suddenly realise the correct pressure that makes it happen and then, you will have your eureka moment. Till then? Just envision the hard flatbreads as lavash crackers. I really hope that it doesn’t happen as often as it did to me. It took me 8 stops at the cracker stage to get here.

What is a good bhakri?

Bhakri is the local name given to any flatbread made of gluten free flours. So we have tandula chi bhakri (Rice flatbread), nachni chi bhakri (red millet flatbread), jwari chi bhakri (sorghum flatbread) and bajri chi bhakri (pearl millet flatbread). A good bhakri will be only about 2mm thick and will puff like a pita when placed on fire. It will be soft to handle and will easily tear.

It will remain soft even after quite a few hours if stored in an air tight container. And it of course will release a nice very mild nutty flavour when you consume it. A good bhakri will not dry out the throat or make you reach for water immediately.

Serving bhakri
Ideally a bhakri gets combined with pitla or zunka (in which case a drink of kokum kadhi should complement the dish), but tastes good with any vegetable preparation as long as it has some juice.

The rustic version contains salted, charred green chilli and a good amount of onion rings as well as an accompaniment to complement the soft texture of the bhakris. Take care to choose mild chillies or you might as well keep some jaggery handy! A kokum kadhi completes the picture!

If the recipe I am sharing works well for you, do think of Shubhangi and send some good wishes her way through Nature’s wireless communication service called ‘Good Vibes Incorporation’.

Recipe: Nachni chi bhakri
Time : 15 to 20 minutes from boiling the water for the dough to serving the preparation.
The recipe proportion below yields about 15 bhakris measuring about 5-6″ in diameter.

2.5 cups red millet flour (Finely ground – sieve if coarse) + extra flour for dabbing
2 cups water + 1/2 cup in a cup for dabbing
(Do not use salt as it will not incorporate well)

Tools and equipment:
A wide vessel for making the dough
A vessel to heat the water
A spoon to mix the flour and water
A work surface to pat the bhakris. Could be wooden, marble or just a level steel plate.
A griddle to roast
A pancake turner

Heat the water in a vessel and bring it to a rolling boil. This is essential because the flour is gluten free and only heated water will help in forming the dough.

While the water heats, place the flour in a wide vessel.

Pour 3/4 th of the boiling water all over the flour and quickly start incorporating the flour into it.
Press the flour with the spoon as you work. This helps the water to get absorbed.

After a few minutes the dough cools down from hot to warm. Time to get your hands dirty.
Press and bring the dough together with one had while holding the vessel with the other. Sprinkle more of the reserved hot water if needed to form a dough of firm cylinder. It should feel soft on the surface and should easily sink if you dig with a finger. Too much water will tear the rotis as you make them. Too less water will make a hard dough and you won’t be able to pat it into a circle.

Keep about 1/2 cup of flour in a plate to use for dusting.

Pinch off dough about the size of a lime and roll into a sphere between your palms. Flatten slightly to the size of a cookie. Place it on the dry flour and dust both sides.

Heap about a tsp. of dry flour in the center of your work surface. Place the disc on the heap and with pat with your fingers following a circular pattern so that the disc spreads as you pat. Strokes should be quick and firm but not hard. Lift immediately and do not press as you stroke, otherwise the disc might stick to your work surface and make it difficult to go any further.

If you want to use a rolling pin, see that you roll in one direction only and do not press. It should be a light roll. If the bread tears, just patch it up again and proceed without applying pressure in that area.

Dust your fingers in between lightly and keep rolling your bread, if it does not rotate on its own. With experience it will.

Continue in this manner till it is about 2mm in thickness and 5 to 6″ in diameter.

Lift carefully and dust of excess flour on the side that was placed over the surface.

Flip on a hot griddle with the dry floury side facing upward. Dip your fingers in water and spread it to wet the dry surface that faces you. Do not pour water, just about a tsp. will be enough.

After cooking one side for about a minute on low heat, use a flat pancake turner and flip the bhakri.

Increase to high heat and let cook for about a minute till the water turns dry.

Now remove the griddle and using a pair of chapati turners flip again over stove ON HIGH HEAT. The bhakri will puff up just like a pita bread into a balloon.

If this is your first time keep the rest of the dough covered or it might dry.

Repeat with the rest of the dough.

The instructions were not meant to deter beginners. I just thought of what I wanted to know when I started off and tried giving the little details that bothered me.

Hope it helps you too. And don’t forget Shubhangi if you get them right.


Harini is a vegan food photographer, writer and recipe developer. She also loves feeding birds, reading, watching crime thrillers, and travelling amongst other things.

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  • JJstar


    Is the griddle oiled at all? What kind of griddle are you using? Do you use a spatula? How long can the rotis be stored? Thank you!

    • Harini Prakash

      Hi, sorry about the delay in replying to your query, JJstar. No, the griddle is not oiled. I use a cast iron griddle and use a flat pancake turner to flip the roti. These are best eaten hot, but will last for a day in tropical climate.

  • SITA

    An excellent recipe.I would love to make the soft Bhakris out of Ragi.Could you please post the video.It is certainly not easy to get soft ones.

    • Harini Prakash

      Thanks, Sita. I haven’t tried yet. Maybe when my daughter comes home we will try a video.

  • h r dua

    great nachini bhakri recipe, will incorporate in my wkend menu of lunch or brunch
    thanks a lot hr dua

  • jaya

    Nice recipe and I am a NorthIndian grew up eating bajra roti, jovar roti and missi roti (kala chana atta and wheat atta mixed together) we do make all types of roti and relish them.

  • Sunshinemom

    Prathibha, I love a lot of things from Maharashtrian cuisine and am so glad to have just learnt this one!

    Sangeeta, thanks for visiting! I loved some of your really rustic dishes! Bookmarked them too:). I hope your try these soon and let me know how they turned out:).

    • Sneha

      This is really good. Do you also cook khus khus chutney, the gravy one, if yes, please share the recipe for that too.

      • Harini

        Thank you. No, I haven’t tried that actually.

  • sangeeta

    Landed here reading Jaya's comment on FB…i loved the post and the bhakhri . I use ragi flour mostly for my multi grain rotis and i will make this kind of bhakhri with suggested accompaniments very soon i hope…
    I have experimented with steamed and baked preparations of ragi but this traditional way of eating our daily food is favored always..

  • Prathibha

    I love this….it came out extremely soft…loved the way it got puffed up..I too learnt this from my marathi maid…I too make jowar,bajra n ragi bhakri's..Still not expertized much…

  • Sunshinemom

    Thanks, Satya.

    Cham, I was under that impression too before I got married and started living in a predominantly Marathi set up. I have seen my Mom preparing akki roti like you said by directly patting on the hot tawa and didn't bother to try it. This method is so much easier but it is not the same as akki rotti. There is another way to make that without patting directly on the tawa. Pat on a warmed banana leaf and turn it over on the tawa with the leaf facing you. Peel of the leaf and proceed as you would.

  • Cham

    I always thought Jowar and ragi are staple from Karnataka (brr.. don't know why …)
    Usually we pat it directly in the hot griddle with wet finger , quiet hard! Ur bhakri is really soft and puffed well!

  • Satya

    ragi roti looks super delicious this click n write up very much


  • Sunshinemom

    Jaya, I still find it mesmerizing watching people make modaks, rotis and chaklis. It is art to create a delicacy out of something raw! Thanks too for reading and do let me know how it turned out!

    Thanks, Priyanka:).

    Rajani, I haven't tried that combo yet! Must do it soon with rice flour bhakris.

    Thanks, Nags:).

    Valli, I know akki rotti is a delicacy of Karnataka but did not know that jowar rotis are made in Andhra too! Will check up your video.

    Sweatha, I think akki rotti is a little different. My mom makes it. It is spiced with coriander and made directly on tava or on a leaf, I think. But that tastes good too. Another must post!

    Rachana, many thanks:).

  • Rachana

    I have never made ragi rotis. Thanks for sharing the recipe, will try and make them and yes, will definitely remember Shubhangi 🙂

  • Curry Leaf

    wow,excellent.I can't do it. I always add more water and end p with a torn roti. The way of preparation is same as akkit rotti I think. Very healthy sunny

  • Srivalli

    Thats a very nice account Harini..Jowar rotis are famous in my in law place. She regularly makes rotis with Bajras, Jowar and Ragi..I have a video of my Athamma making the roti, check it out when you have time..

    Very nice to read about Shubhangi!

  • Nags

    this looks divine! Loved the write-up

  • Rajani

    wow the last i ate bhakri was when dad was posted to pune and our house help mangal and her amma were specialists in bhakri. she used to make black masoor with bhakri and loads of butter to go with it. I miss it now!

  • notyet100

    thanks for the virtual treat,..

  • Jaya Wagle

    Harini, I am glad you posted this today. Two days ago, I was clicking on the ragi roti photo in the sidebar, thinking you had already posted the recipe and I missed it!

    Sending Shubhangi good vibes for teaching you this gem of a bread. My aunt, though a city girl, was married off in a rural area of Maharashtra and she learnt to make all kinds of bhakris there. She would knead the flour one bhakri at a time in the parath and cook it on the gridle while kneading and shaping the next bhakri. It was amazing to watch her.

    Thank you for this wonderful and informative post. I am going to try and make this, possibly tomorrow.

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