Undhiyu or Oondhiyo ~ Fresh legumes and vegetables in coriander-coconut mix

My relationship with ‘undhiyo’ is odd. It started as an aversion, probably because I tasted the overly sweet version at Tip-Top in Thane after which I swore off Gujarati dishes.  Sometime later we visited my uncle in Baroda.  He took us to a Gujarati hotel and surprisingly the food was not just good, but mind-blowing.  The food was not strewn with jaggery and the hint of sweetness was just right to balance the tart or savoury side.  Oh, I wasn’t a convert just yet, but I was open to trying ‘undhiyo’ from Prashant Corner, and was again disappointed.

I met the perfect undhiyo twice before I learnt to make mine.  Once when we ordered a batch from Crawford Market last year at work, and before, when my neighbour, M Aunty sent me some of her undhiyo. M Aunty’s was a tad spicier as it contained many masalas I am not used to.  Last year I made undhiyo thrice at home and I got the balance right each time.  I however did not dare to share my recipe as I still wasn’t sure whether it was close to the authentic taste.  Besides, the pictures were not good.  This year, I was brave enough to take my preparation to work.  One of my friends is a Gujarati, brought up in Ahmedabad. She ate a bite, and asked, “Can I take the remaining too?” I could not believe it!  Then she asked in surprise, “You made this? It tastes exactly like the one we make at home. Authentic, and very tasty!” To boot that, she actually licked the spoon! My faith in me was redeemed. I was in Heaven. I needed that boost to post the recipe on the blog.

Yesterday I made it again.  This time I was confident.  I took photographs.  Unfortunately undhiyo, though extremely tasty is not a photographer’s dream.  The sauce is coarse, the vegetables are a-plenty, there are too many textural elements in the dish to show it all together in a plate, beautifully.  I did my best. The recipe is not mine. I searched and found a recipe by Hemant Trivedi that seemed right to me. Please visit his site for some authentic, tasty, Indian recipes.  I tried the recipe exactly as given while starting but went on to make slight changes towards the end till I got what I had tasted.

Now, I am a convert  I have gone from hate to love.  Undhiyo became part of our Winter routine. Naturally, it was time to find more about the dish and its origins. It turns out that not all Gujarati undhiyo recipes call for jaggery or sugar.  There are basically two regions where ‘undhiyo’ is prepared.  Both regions basically follow the same recipe but they have their distinct touch too.  Surti undhiyo has a generous amount of jaggery in many dishes.  I stuck to Kathiawari as it does not recommend the addition of jaggery.

Undhiyo is a Seasonal dish.  It is made between December and February when fresh greens are available in plenty and many crops are harvested.  The recipe celebrates the abundance of fresh legumes and root vegetables by bring them all together in a rich, coarse sauce made of more greens – coriander and coconut.  The fresh legumes make all the difference.  It is alright if you can’t find all the legumes I used.  Fresh pigeon peas and chickpeas are not available everywhere.  Do not substitute with the dried ones for the fresh ingredients.  Use broad beans or fresh fava beans instead, or any fresh legume found in your region.


One other ingredient I added that is not usually found in most recipes is ‘harbhara’ – fresh green chickpeas.  In Thane, there is only one vegetable vendor who sells the variety of vegetables needed to make undhiyo.  This time I found that he also had freshly harvested chickpeas.  It was his suggestion that I add it to undhiyo.  Since he is a kind old man who knows a lot I could not refuse his advice and bought 50gms of harbhara as well.  The addition did not take away anything.  Maybe it added to the bounty of greens.  The dish is not difficult but involves a lot of preparation time.

My tips:

Pod the legumes the night before.  This takes a long time.  You have to pod fresh pigeon peas (lilva tuvar), broad beans (surti papdi), fava beans/hyacinth beans (valor papdi) and fresh chickpeas (harbhara).  Also remember that even though 100g of each bean may seem too much, after podding, all that remains is about 50g! So it is not actually as much as it seems.

Clean the fenugreek leaves and prepare the dumplings a day or two before you prepare the dish.  The dumplings are called muthias, basically because the rustic procedure involves holding the dough in your palm and pressing by closing your fist (mutthi) around it.  These days, we make oval shapes instead.  You may want to substitute half the gramflour with wheat flour.  I prefer to use only gramflour as my daughter is allergic to wheat.  You can also steam the dumplings instead of deep frying.

I found that undhiyo tastes best when made in generous quantities.  It helps the vegetables take in flavours.  I have used very less oil as compared to the traditional recipe.  Usually it is recommended to deep fry the root vegetables till half done.  I instead baked mine.  I did deep-fry the muthias though.

I used ginger along with ‘ambe halad’ or mango-ginger.  You can only ginger if you cannot find ‘ambe halad’.  I made a bowlful of generous paste using the two gingers, fresh green garlic and green chillies.  I used only a bit in this recipe.

I boil water separately and use this if needed as the vegetables used here are already half-done, and I do not want to bring down the temperature of the preparation half-way through.  This is highly recommended though not mentioned in any recipe.

Recipe: Kathiawari Undhiyo
Recipe adapted from Hemant Trivedi

Yield: Serves 6
[Gluten free, allergen free, side dish, served traditionally with any flatbread]

To prepare the night before:
The legumes:
Fresh pigeon peas (Lilva tuvar) – 100g (string the beans and pod)
Fresh chickpeas (Harbhara) – 50g (Pod the chickpeas)
Broad beans (Surti papdi) – 100g (String and split the sides of the beans almost till the end but do not separate them)
Fava beans (Valor papdi or fresh val) – 100g (String and pod)

The above can be mixed and stored together

The muthias [Dumplings]:
Fenugreek leaves [Methi leaves], picked from the stems, rinsed, patted dry between towels, and chopped fine – 1.5 cups
Gramflour [Besan], sifted – ¼ cup [keep ¼ extra if needed]
Ginger-garlic-chilly paste – ½ tsp. [Please refer tips]
Red chilly powder – as per taste
Turmeric powder – ¼ tsp.
Asafoetida pdr [Hing] – A pinch
Water – about 2tbsps., or more if needed, to bind
Salt to taste
A pinch of cooking soda [optional, not recommended]
Sugar – ½ tsp. [optional, not recommended]
Oil to deep fry

Mix the ingredients for the muthias into a tight dough. Make balls about the size of marbles or a tad larger. Add more water sparingly if needed. Deep fry in hot oil till browned all over. Drain onto kitchen papers before storing in an air tight container.

The day after:

The root vegetables:
Purple yam (Kand) – 150g approx. [Cut into ¾” inch chunks]
Sweet potatoes – 100g approx. [Cut into ¾” chunks]
Baby potatoes [Dum aloo waale aloo] – 200g approx. [Make a cross on the top and cut halfway down. Do not cut through to the bottom]
Purple baby brinjals – 200g approx. [Cut off the crown. Make a cross on the top and cut halfway down]
Raw banana [Kachha kela] – 1 banana [Cut into three pieces with skin. Make a cross on each piece and cut halfway down]

The Spice mix [Green masala]:
Coriander leaves, cleaned and picked – 4 cups, finely chopped
Ginger-chilly-garlic paste – 1 tbsp., or more as per taste [please refer tips]
Coconut, freshly grated – 2.5 cups [do not use dry coconut]
Clove powder [lavang/laung] – ½ tsp.
Cinnamon powder [dalchini] – ½ tsp.
Roasted coriander powder [dhania pdr.] – 1 tsp.
Roasted cumin powder [jeera pdr.] – 1 tsp.
Salt to taste
Amchur [Dry mango pdr.] – If needed – as per taste
Lemon juice – 1 tbsp.

Oil – 4 tablespoons [Yes, this is astonishingly less than the preparation traditionally calls for]
Fennel seeds [ajwain] – 1tsp.

Mix all the ingredients for the spice mix together, except the lemon and amchur. If gratings are fine and leaves are chopped fine, there is no need to grind. If not, grind the ingredients together into a coarse paste. It must have a good crunch and texture. Do not grind into a paste. The dish will not taste the same. Once ground, taste and add lemon juice and amchur according to your taste. I like mine to have a good dose of acidity and 1 tbsp. of lemon juice agrees with me. I keep the dry mango powder as an emergency and use it at the end, if I find the flavours imbalanced. This should yield about 2.5 cups of masala. You can add a few tablespoons of water if needed.


Thaw the prepared muthias and legumes next morning and keep aside till needed.

Stuff the slit vegetables with some of the spice mix. Try packing as much as you can without breaking the vegetables. Remove the extra stuffing stuck around.

Pre-heat oven to 200 deg. C. Do not insert the baking tray while pre-heating the oven.

Heat 1.5 tablespoons of oil in a wok and pour into a mixing bowl. Add the root vegetables and the stuffed vegetables to this. Very gently toss so that the oil coats the vegetable reasonably well.

Line the baking tray with a non-stick parchment paper or foil. Gently arrange the tossed vegetables so that they are separate and not over one another.

Bake in the center of the oven for 15 minutes or till brown on the sides. I usually remove after ten minutes and toss lightly to ensure that the browning is even on all sides.

If, you do not have an oven you can deep fry the vegetables till half done. Or simply skip the process. It makes a difference – the browning.

Remove the baked vegetables. Separate the non-stuffed vegetables and toss them about in some of the spice mixture.

Heat the remaining 2.5tbsps. oil in a wide wok till hot. Add fennel seeds. Add the legumes and toss well. Usually a pinch of cooking soda is added to retain the green colour. I do not use soda. Add a bit of salt to help cook, and half a cup of hot water. Also add some of the masala. Cover and cook for five minutes on medium heat. Add the thawed muthias [dumplings] and vegetables [stuffed and others]. Add the rest of the green masala on top and another cup of hot water. Cover and cook till all masala is absorbed. At this stage if the undhiyo seems very dry, a little hot water may be added. Check for balance of flavours. If it seems too tangy to you, a marble sized lump of jaggery will tone it. If not tangy enough, ¼ tsp of amchur mixed in will make it perfect.

Mix well before serving, taking care not to break the vegetables.

Undhiyo is generally served with any flatbread. While I think it tastes best with jowar rotis, I often find hotels serving it with pooris.

Sometimes you love a dish so much that you create a tradition for your children. Undhiyo is one such dish. Growing up, I did not know about it. I started with an aversion to it. I ended up loving it so much that in my house Pongal (The Harvest Festival for South Indians) is incomplete without undhiyo.

If you are going to try this, now is the Season.  It will last till the first week of February.  Hurry, and let me know how it turned out!


Harini is a vegan food photographer, writer and recipe developer. She also loves feeding birds, reading, watching crime thrillers, and travelling amongst other things.

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  • Anamika

    Hi! I know this is a old post, but i hope to get a reply. I am really confused what surti papdi and tuvar seeds are!! i generally just use the fava beans: both seed and pod. As for tuvar…they seem a lot like the frozen snow peas. Are they similar???
    My undhiyu turns out good too…but i prefer having the traditional ingredients. And I know the traditional version includes these two ingredients and tastes great with them, however, i cannot seem to identify them at a grocery store.

    • Harini Prakash

      Why don’t you look at the photographs included in the post? I think they are pretty clear. If not, I hope this helps. Lilva tuvar (fresh pigeon peas) are very knobbled and hard as the pods are hard and small. Surti papdi is regular papdi that is smaller in size.

  • Krishnan Vaidyanathan

    Excellent photos and superb recipe.

  • Krishnan Vaidyanathan

    If I am not mistaken you must also use Ponk/green millet which is available in plenty in surat.

    • Harini

      It is optional. None of my Gujarati friends add paunk, but I see no reason why it cannot be added.

  • Roshni

    Harini, this looks sooo good.. its my dream to try making this. not sure I am bold enough yet. have bookmarked this. will be trying it sometime using this recipe. will come back to you at that time if I have any questions.. great effort in presenting this authentic recipe… 🙂

    • Harini

      Thanks, Roshni. You will make it soon, I am sure! I will be glad to answer any doubts.

  • Donna

    Love your blog and also all the information you give about the recipe. Undhiyo has always been tongue torture for me and hope to make it myself one day. Thanks

  • Kulsum at JourneyKitchen

    how I love lilva Harini. So very much. I was recently introduced to undhiyu when I watched Saee’s video. And have been meaning to try it but can’t get hold of all the beautiful vegetables.

  • Turmeric n spice

    First time here !! Love the space .. U r a v talented blogger, lovely clicks

  • Kanan

    Hey pics are so beautiful and as being gujju I love love oondhiyu. yours look so appetizing.

  • Shireen Sequeira

    Simply a mouthwatering dish Harini! I wish I could make it but I am not sure I will get all the legumes mentioned, nevertheless I will give it a try as I picked up the Surti papdi from Hypercity 2 days ago…it can’t go a waste can it? 🙂

    • Harini

      No you can’t let it go waste! 😀 But if you could add the lilva tuvar which is essential it would be really great.

  • Vijitha

    A new recipe for me. I have not heard about undhiyo before but definitely it looks delicious. Gorgeous gorgeous clicks as always Sunshine mom 🙂 Did you paint the purple board ?

    • Harini

      Thank you, Vijitha! Yes, I painted one side of the board purple.

  • Sonia

    Oh my! what a mouthwatering Undhiyu. I’m a hard-core Gujarati and your pics are already killing me. It’s been ages I haven’t had made this. Yours looks so good and perfect. Well done, Harini!
    Did you serve it with Puri and Jalebi? 🙂

    • Harini

      Sonia, coming from a Gujju! Thanks! No, I am a fusionista! I served it with rice and rasam because the family loves it that way! 😀

  • Meenakshi

    So pretty Harini! Who would have thought legumes could look so beautiful? I have been buying quite a lot of green chana lately. I have only had undhiyu at Rajdhani (i’m sure purists would consider it sacrilege) and really enjoyed it. I always knew it was a time-consuming dish, but after you broke it down it seems (slightly) less scary. I don’t know why I thought this was like avial; it is a lot more complex!

    • Harini

      Meenakshi, thanks! I have tried to break down the dish because it is quite easy if you divide it in two days. It is the prep that is time consuming. The cooking if done this way is not difficult. 🙂

  • Laavanya

    I LOVE undhiyu… and this looks fabulous. What a great idea to bake the veggies. Can’t wait to try your version. Bookmarked!

  • Lakshmi

    What an interesting recipe. It sounds a bit complex, but I take your word, it is not. The green chickpeas look fantastic! I like a lot your images with claypots. That’s the way to go! Their natural beauty is beyond polished porcelain.

    • Harini

      I think you will like this Lakshmi. I like your encouragement, and yes, I do love terracotta, clay and earthen materials. They feel closer home.

  • Manasi

    I love undhiyo. . I love Gujarati food : )
    Actually, Tip-Top made fantastic undhiyo a few years ago, I guess, with time , many things change and not for the better.
    I remember the time I used to to to Dadar (BB) on Sunday mornings to the Surati store there, people would queue up just for undhiyo!
    U have captured the beauty of Undhiyo beautifully! It is so difficult to portray this medley in a picture!

    • Harini

      We share a common love. 🙂 I lived close to Dadar for two years and I didn’t know about this place!! Thank you, Manasi, for visiting and for the lovely words!

  • Deeps @ Naughty Curry

    After eating it at a restaurant & loving it, i tried making it at home once (long back).. it was not well recieved & i have never made it since! this looks awesome, its made me brave enough to try it again 🙂 gonna follow this recipe to the T 🙂

    • Harini

      I am sure you will like this recipe. Best wishes. 🙂

  • Sia @ Monsoon Spice

    and yeah, those lil matkas are adorable!

  • Sia @ Monsoon Spice

    This has to be my most fav Gujju food. Period.
    I had it one of our friend’s palce where her aunt who was visiting them made it for us. I was shameless and even asked them to pack the leftovers to have it later 😉 I think the time has come for me to make it. I like the way you have divided teh whole cooking process for 2 days. And the pics are brillant Harini. (I know Undhiyo is not very photogenic but you have manged to capture the simple beauty of this humble dish)

    • Harini

      Mine too! I like dhokla and handvo but this is my fave! I am sure your friend’s aunt must have been very pleased and honoured. I like such shamelessness. 🙂 I am so glad you liked the pictures. I tried taking them in a bowl but the elements just did not show up, and ultimately put a little bit of everything in a plate!

  • Anu

    Loved your recipe.I was searching for a authentic recipe and found many versions. Anyway made it last week and was well appreciated by the family. But after seeing your version I am going to make it again this week, love your idea about baking the veggies in the oven. And yours looks so inviting!Love to read your blog and try the interesting and healthy recipes you post!

    • Harini

      Anu, thanks! I am glad you like the recipes I post and look forward to what you think after you make the undhiyo too. 🙂

  • Cham

    Whenever I see the ingredient list for this recipe, that scares me… The pict is simply delicious – I only heardof it but never had the courage to try out. Well done H 🙂

    • Harini

      Ha ha! Cham, I was too, the first time. But now that we get them all at one shop, I no longer have the fear.:) It is the variety that is the feast. Thank you!

  • Lubna Karim

    Seen this in a couple of Cookery shows and magazines….but never tasted it…looks yum…all the fresh seasonal produce comes to make a delectable recipe…wow…

    • Harini

      Lubna, in fact I would say Bangalore is one of the best places to try! It is avare season now, isn’t it?

  • Happy Cook / FInla

    I have never had this dish, but then i am not that familiar with gujurathi food. I am in love with that second last pic, beautiful.

    • Harini

      Hey Finla, I am not surprised. It is not really that well known in the South. If you visit around this time any year, it will be my pleasure to treat you. 🙂 Thanks!

  • Narayan

    Yummy…. this looks and should taste awesome…

  • Grishma @ZaikaZabardast

    I wnattttt it! My favorite ….missing home now 🙁 Beautiful pictures and loved the recipe! Bookmarked 🙂

    • Harini

      Yours too! Wish I could send you some right now. Thanks, Grishma. Let me know when you try it. 🙂

      • Grishma @ZaikaZabardast

        Buying the ingredients tomorrow and if I find everything making it on Fri/Sat! I love your healthy version actually then a traditional oily one. Although I a going to mix up ur recipe with my mummy’s recipe but I know for sure that it will turn out great. Can’t wait.

        • Harini

          I can’t wait to see your version, Grishma!

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