Vella kozhakottai (ukadiche modak) | Vellam Poorna Kozhakottai | Sweet steamed dumplings

A few days back, a reader, Vini, wrote to me saying she made kozhakottai (modak) from a recipe I had shared for ‘uppu kozhakottai‘ in Beyond Curries. She said that the dough was very sticky but the taste was very good. My dough is never sticky so I was surprised.  A few mails back and forth revealed the reason. Vini used ‘Thai jasmine rice’ whereas I use ‘Kolam’. Thai rice is a glutinous variety and renders a naturally sticky dough. Vini’s mail, combined with the festive fervor of Vinayaka Chaturthi, prompted some fun and action in the TT household. Since I happened to have jasmine rice as well it was easy to compare and ‘study’.

More modaks than ever, using three varieties of rice – jasmine, basmati and kolam – were made, to see how the quality would be affected. Studies of such noble kind bring out the best in people. Mr.P volunteered to scrape any amount of coconut, Jr.H and Jr.P chipped in by foregoing lunch and dinner, volunteering to live on modaks for two whole days. Sniff, sniff……, I was overwhelmed. My family will do anything for a worthy cause – in this case, ‘the perfect kozhakottai’!

I could not have thought of a better translation in English.  After all, these are gluten-free, vegan, and use the same cooking technique as momos, right from the shaping!

Recipe: Vella kozhakottai [Gluten-free momos filled with rice and jaggery]

Yield : 20-25, each about an inch in size
Cooking time: 5 minutes for dough, 5 minutes for filling, 20 minutes to form moulds and fill, 10 minutes to steam. [50 minutes to be precise]


For batter and dough:
Rice – 1 cup
Salt – 1/8 tsp.
Oil – ½ tsp., if needed
Water – 1 cup to soak rice, and ½ or 1 cup extra depending on rice used

For the Stuffing:
Fresh, scraped coconut, without any browns from the kernel – 2 cups
Organic jaggery, scraped into small pieces – ¾ cup
Water – 1 tbsp.


To make the batter:

Soak 1 cup of rice in one cup of water for at least 3-4 hours. Drain, set aside the water, and grind or blend the drained rice into a smooth, lump free batter, adding the strained water only if needed. I always push the batter through a soup strainer to be sure that there are no grains. Grainy batter ends in lumpy dough.

To make the dough:

If using jasmine rice, bring half a cup of water to the boil, adding 1/8 tsp. of sea salt. If using basmati or kolam, or other less starchy rice, bring one cup of water to the boil, adding 1/8 tsp. of sea salt and a tsp. of oil. Use a heavy bottomed vessel. I use my small pressure cooker as the handle makes it easy to hold the vessel while stirring. A vessel without a handle can be a pain.

Reduce heat to low and pour the ground rice batter into the boiling mixture, stirring all the while. I am a right-handed person so I pour with the left hand, and stir with the right. Cook, the batter, stirring and turning it over. Slice and push the ladle while cooking so that the batter is cooked evenly. This takes 2-3 minutes. Remove from heat Scrape any dough stuck on the ladle back into the vessel quickly. Cover the vessel and set aside for 5 minutes to allow the residual steam to cook the dough. Remove the cover and turn the dough onto a large plate to knead the dough. Allow it to cool till you can handle the heat. I like to work while the dough is still warm. Grease your hand with a touch of oil, not more, and knead a smooth, pliable, but not sticky dough. Use a touch of oil only if needed. Normally, you should not need more than ½ teaspoon.

Cover with a wet cloth or air tight lid. This helps the dough relax and steam cook to perfection.

Make the stuffing:

Heat a heavy wok. Reduce heat. Pour water. Add the jaggery and stir well till melted.

Add the scraped coconut and mix the coconut into the jaggery evenly. Cook till the mixture turns sticky, about 5 minutes or till done. Do not let the jaggery burn. Set aside to cool.

Shape the kozhakottai:

Pinch a little dough, and form a smooth ball about ½ inch in diameter.

Touch oil and grease your fingertips. Flatten the ball into a thin circle, about 2mm at the most.  Place half tsp. of the stuffing in the center of the circle, leaving about half an inch of dough on the edges.  Gather the edges into a cone around the stuffing, making small pleats as you go.  The dough being very pliable, this is quite easy but needs a little practice.  If you cannot pleat, just gather and roll between your palms to form a sphere.  The taste will not be affected.

Prepare a steamer.  Line the steaming vessel with plantain leaf and place the modaks on it, without crowding them together.  Steam for about 10-15 minutes, checking for done-ness after 10 minutes.  Cool completely.

These are delicate while warm.  I like them best fresh, but they stay good for a day.  It is not advisable to store longer.

Steaming without a steamer:

Pour water in a wide and deep vessel upto an inch.  Bring to a boil.  Place a stainless steel vegetable strainer that fits in the mouth of the vessel.  Line with cleaned plantain leaf.  Place the momos, or kozhakottais inside, without crowding them over.  Cover the vessel with a dome shaped lid and steam for 5 minutes with the lid on moderate heat, and another 5 minutes on low heat, or till done.  If done, the modaks which were white would have turned pale and shiny.  Cool completely before serving as they will be sticky while hot.


The jasmine rice resulted in the softest modaks, and texture-wise I liked these modak the best.  It was the easiest dough to handle. Basmati modaks won hands down because of the flavour. Kolam was least favoured among the three.  Not because it was not good, but it did not measure up to the quality of the jasmine rice or the basmati. All the modaks remained soft the next day too.

Modaks are also made with superfine rice flour, and I used that method for a long time.  A few years back, it was my sister who told me to try using the batter method, which she in turn learnt from a friend at work.

The first time I used this method, I realized the difference in textures.  Having been soaked and ground, the rice has more moisture and remains softer than the ones made with home-made flour.  You have to try this at least once to know the difference, and you will be hooked.

Vini tells me this one definitely scores over the flour method she followed earlier.  She also brought to my attention that I had mentioned the cooking time for the dough as 12-15 minutes.  I am afraid I have made an error.  For a cup of dough the cooking time is only 2-3 minutes.

I use this recipe for my steamed momos too.  They turn out equally good, though you must prepare yourself for the change in taste.

And while you are here, do look up uppu kozhakottais here and here.  I am not done with kozhakottais!  There are more varieties to come. 🙂

The photographs were shot with Simone’s theme for photography challenge this month.  The theme is ‘all white’.  I tried some colours too, but tried playing with tones and shadows which is why I used silver.  Silver also gives the festive look.


Harini is a vegan food photographer, writer and recipe developer. She also loves feeding birds, reading, watching crime thrillers, and travelling amongst other things.

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  • Vela

    Thanks for the recipes – have always made with rice flour (store bought) but inspired to try this today on Ganesh Chaturthi – have never made uppu kozhakottai either – going to try both today – wish me luck – hope its good and Gannu baby likes it (via all the humans who get to taste it)

    • Harini Prakash

      I assume it is made and consumed by now, and that Gannu baby liked it. 😀 Do let me know your feedback.

  • Seema

    Excellent inspiration Harini!! I tried these today for Sankashti and I made exactly 21 modaks perfectly. I followed your recipe to the T and turned out exactly like your photographs. I just have to master the technique on making them look pretty modak style. For the first time, my modaks did not break while being made. I used to use flour earlier and figured that the flour does not have the elasticity it needs..but this is very good as you get the elasticity and do not have to rely on store bought flour which is sitting on the shelf for ages. I live overseas..therefore this was perfect. I used plantain leaf too..Yummilicious..Thank you so much Harini. You are the best!!! This will be my way forward ever to make the modaks!!!

    • Harini

      I must appreciate that you have been so generous with your praise! I understand getting rice flour (the kind you need for this) can be difficult abroad, so this must be really easy. Good for you! And yay for modaks!

  • El Oso con Botas

    Wow ¡¡ your photos are really amazing. I have just discovered your blog in Junglefrog blog. ¡¡Just beautiful!!

    • Harini

      Thanks, for the encouraging comment and for visiting. 🙂

  • Radhika @ Just Homemade

    Modak’s look perfect Harini.. Before I started making Modak’s I had a huge mental block on how difficult it is to make. After the first try, there’s no stopping now.

  • Richa

    so pretty and gorgeous clicks!

  • Swati

    Harini… loveddd that curls … my kozhakottais turn out tasty but that thing… u have to make a video.. or mayb its d maav… but wow… ur pics are always awesome!

    • Harini

      Thanks Swati! That’s a good idea. Will try making a video sometime soon. 🙂

  • Vidya

    Looks like a work of art! Just perfect for Ganesha.I am totally inspired to make it!

  • Vini

    Lovely post.Thanks again Harini .And special thanks to your family for participating in this:)


    • Harini

      Thank you, Vini, for providing the inspiration. I am sure my family would do it all over again without any hesitation. 😀

  • Nandita

    The modaks look divine. Feel like grabbing a few straight from the screen. The photography is excellent as always 🙂

  • Pintu

    aahh!!! My favourite! I love these.

  • Sujata


    Thanks Harini. Just a couple of days ago I thought of ‘Ukadiche Modak=steamed Modak’ and was wondering about the recipe of batter and dough and here it is by the Grace of Ganesha!
    I have a couple of questions – what is the alternative for a plaintain leaf, I am afraid I won’t be able to lay my hands on it. Also how much farther should the steamer/vegetable strainer be from the water below – too close might make them soggy right?!
    Your site is wonderful. Hats off to your creativity and your patience!
    Best Wishes,

    • Harini

      Hi Sujata, you could instead lightly grease a plate and place over the sieve but take care that it is smaller in size than the sieve itself, otherwise steam will be blocked. You could also use turmeric leaf but it imparts a certain flavour. Yes, you are right. The bottom of the strainer should be at least 3-4 inches above the water level, else the water while boiling might enter the strainer. And thank you so much for visiting, and leaving me some lovely compliments! Best wishes to you too.

  • Simone

    Wow, they look amazing Harini! Apart from the fact that the photos are gorgeous I am really curious to find out how these little bites taste. As a matter of fact I actually have some jasmine rice and I have some thai glutinous rice in my cupboard so I might just give this a try although I have no idea what jaggery is. Gotta look that up! Thanks so much for joining in this months challenge Harini!

    • Harini

      Thanks, Simone! Jaggery is unrefined sugar expressed from sugar cane. You can use unrefined sugar instead. It comes the closest. I am so glad I was able to take part this time. I felt relaxed as I did not have to style or photograph in a certain way. 🙂

  • Anamika @ madcookingfusions

    Perfect Modak’s Harini :), I tried making modak’s this time for my ganesha at home but was a disaster for me, will try them again, I am inspired!

    • Harini

      Oh! Bad luck, Anamika. Can you tell me what went wrong? This method is very easy and I am sure you will find it easy to handle.

  • Manasi

    Ah! Ganesh Utsav and Modak! My Favorite combination 🙂
    In my case however, I must add, I love my modak served with a drizzle of pure ghee!

    I love how well you have shaped the kozhakottais / modak. I feel like grabbing one, two… all of them , honestly!

    • Harini

      Can’t think of one without the other, right! Good to know that these are grab-worthy. 🙂

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